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Evaluating the Perceived Effectiveness of Medical Textbooks in Improving the Students Satisfaction & Exam Performance


4BB Teaching tools


Ahmed Eldeib
Omar Eldeib
Ayman Awad
Mohamed Shareef


Alfaisal University - Saudi Arabia


Despite textbooks popularity, no studies were conducted before to evaluate textbooks’ effectiveness in regards to their benefits in increasing personal satisfaction through increasing medical knowledge, improving exam performance and helping students find needed information. Thus, we aim at investigating the perceived benefits of textbooks in regards to these three factors.

Summary of Work

This was a cross-sectional, survey-based study where subjects (N=251) would autonomously rate the effectiveness of textbooks using 5-point Likert scales. The Chi-squared tests, followed by post-hoc tests were utilized to detect any associations between the categorical variables. Moreover, Spearman’s correlation test was used to assess the significance, strength, and direction of correlations among ranked data. Finally, Kruskall-Wallis test was used to determine differences in students’ self-ratings of ranked variables based on grouped items.

Summary of Results

There were positive correlations between students’ GPA and their ratings on how books help them increase their personal satisfaction to increase their medical knowledge, (P=0.006) and perform better in exams (P=0.001). Furthermore, Students who use medical textbooks as a primary source for information or as a reference tend to have better rankings in books helping them find needed information in comparison to their peers who use them as an aiding resources (P=0.001, P=0.017). Interestingly, these findings were similar in all years and in both genders.


We conclude that textbooks are effective in improving personal satisfaction to increase medical knowledge, exam performance and looking for information.

Take-home Messages

Students’ GPA and the type of use to textbooks reflect positively on their satisfaction & performance and should be considered in counselling.

Summary of Work
Summary of Results


N (%)



144 (57%)


107 (42%)

Academic year

First year

91 (36%)

Second year

70 (27%)

Third year

58 (23%)

Fourth year

24 (10%)

Fifth year

8 (3%)

Academic performance (GPA)

Below 3

28 (11%)

3.0 – 3.49

85 (34%)

3.5 – 4.0

138 (55%)

Previous educational system


132 (53%)


52 (21%)


53 (21%)


14 (6%)

Purpose of using medical textbook

As a primary

48 (19%)

As a reference

76 (30%)

As aiding source

93 (37%)

Take-home Messages


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