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Authors Institution
Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital
Theme
7JJ The Teacher
The Study of Nurse Preceptors' Professional Development Process .
Background

In nursing education, it has been argued that professional socialization is facilitated by clinical experiences where students work together with nurse preceptor, but also for novice nurse. In order to connect with medical theory and clinical practice, clinical nurses how to be a preceptor was concerned recent years, medical institutions in Taiwan began to design a series of professional development program for nurse preceptors, so that teachers can have access to the systemic knowledge about how to be a teacher in clinical. Past studies have shown that the teachers' professional development was correlated to their teaching beliefs, teaching effectiveness and teaching commitment, however, previous studies often focused on the nursing school teachers. But understand the of nurse preceptor professional development will be helpful to improve their ability of clinical teaching. Professional development is a continuous process that involve  knowledge and skill transformation, the study will explore nurse preceptors professional development process.

Summary of Results

Findings illustrated that the nurse preceptor's professional development process include: 1.self-explore about preceptor' role; 2.participate in the preceptors' professional development program; 3.self development in the preceptor' professional competency.

Summary of Work

To understand the of nurse preceptor professional development will be helpful to improve their ability of clinical teaching. Professional development is continuous process that involve knowledge and skill transformation, the study will explore nurse preceptors professional development process. The study used a qualitative method and developed a semi-structured interview outline, In a medical center in southern of Taiwan, the researcher interviewed seven nurse preceptors who participated in clinical teaching, and use the content analysis method to conduct data analysis. 

Conclusion

In the nursing professional development process, nurses pay more attention to clinical teaching. The preceptor model also has been well documented in the nursing literature and has received widespread acceptance as a clinical teaching model(Horton, DePaoli, Hertach, Bower, 2012). Preceptors aimed for professionalism in their students by teaching the students to reflect on what they can do independently as nurses (Carlson, Pilhammar, Wann-Hansson, 2010) , but the situation are the same for new nurse training. Therefore, to understand the nurse preceptor's teaching believes and clinical teaching strategies in teaching process, clinical teaching is people-oriented, but also attention to naturalistic experiential learning, and by the influence of constructivism develop clinical teaching strategies; clinical teaching process, teachers create an experiential learning process, educators can encourage active participation; during the boot process of teaching, teachers may provide scaffolding learners and to encourage learners to find study partners to support learners. 

In the nurse preceptors' professional development process, nurses pay more attention to clinical teaching and self-directed learning about clinical teaching. To understand the nurse preceptor's professional development process will be helpful for their training program . 

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